22 Days Makalu Base Camp Trek Highlights
- Scenic flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar
- Walk along the colorful forest of Pine, Rhododendron, Oak, and other trees
- Witness glaciers, streams, suspension bridges, and waterfalls along the trail
- Pass river gorges, high-altitude lakes, sheer cliffs, and spectacular waterfalls
- Witness unique and exotic Himalayan wild animals such as red pandas, black bears, and snow leopards in Makalu Barun National Park
- Stunning views of mountain vistas along the trail
- Get to explore the base of the world’s 5th tallest mountain.
About the 22 Days Makalu Base Camp Trek
The trekking path follows the steep descent along the trail that passes through deep forest. We get to enjoy nature at its best. Apart from the rich bio-diversity and prodigious beauty of the area, it offers a breathtaking view of the world's highest peaks. It gives insight into Nepal’s rich religion and culture. The local inhabitants of the Sherpa and Rai community with help in the camping experience.
After some time in Kathmandu, we take the flight to Tumlingtar. Then, we will drive to a place called Chichira. From Chichira, the trek actually begins. Then, we trek to the places known as Num, Seduwa Tashigaon, and Khongma Danda. At this altitude, our body must be able to acclimatize itself to the lower oxygen level. Then, we trek to Dobate, Yangri Kharka, Langmale Kharka and finally to Makalu Base Camp. After exploring the Base Camp, we will begin to walk downwards.
Each day, we will walk the distance of about 10 to 13 km as we hike for 6 to 7 hours. We will also rest for a few days to let our body acclimatize.
Brief Itinerary: 22 Days Makalu Base Camp Trek
Makalu Base Camp
Makalu Base Camp
Itinerary: 22 Days Makalu Base Camp Trek
Day 1 - Welcome to Kathmandu
Upon your landing at the airport, our representative will greet you. Then, we shall drive you to the hotel. You can rest in the hotel or stroll around the Thamel in the evening. We will also brief you about the entire program. After that, we will together enjoy a welcome dinner.
Day 2 - Sightseeing in Kathmandu
After breakfast, we shall commence our Kathmandu city tour. We will visit the major attractions of the Kathmandu valley. On this tour, we will visit the Boudhnath Stupa, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupatinath temple, and Swyambhunath Stupa. Swyambhunath Stupa is famous as a monkey temple.
In the morning, we will visit Pashupatinath Temple which is an important Hindu monument where one can seek blessings from Lord Shiva. The area of the Temple is huge and home to different monuments.
Then, we will drive to Boudhanat which is the most beautiful Stupa of Nepal. Here, you will learn & experience more about Buddhist culture. After that, we will drive to Durbar Square. The area has different beautiful cultural monuments such as temples, the palace of Kumari, the living goddesses, and other monuments. After the tour, we check our clothing and other trekking equipment. We can also do some necessary shopping around the Thamel area.
Day 3 - Kathmandu - Chichira
After breakfast, we will drive to the domestic airport in Kathmandu. The morning flight takes us to Tumlingtar. The adventurous 50-minute flight offers breathtaking views of green hills and the White Mountains. As we land at Tumlingtar airport, we meet other members of the crew. After some arrangements, we drive towards Chichira. The drive is about 3-4 hours long and offers a great view of the scenario. This is also our stop for the night.
Day 4 - Chichira Num
We start the trek early in the morning. After a warm breakfast, today we head towards Num. A moderate pace walk along with the picturesque villages and dense forests takes us to Num. A ridgeline offers great views of the mountain vistas, we might witness some exotic animals along the path.
Day 5 - Num - Seduwa
Today we will head to the small village Seduwa. First, we descend along the forests and terraced land plots towards Barun River. After crossing the river, we follow a steep ascent up the side. The forest on either side of the valley offers some shade. We will enter the Makalu Barun National Park so we have to register our permits before we walk. Then we shall climb the forest and reach the place called Seduwa.
Day 6 - Seduwa - Tashigaon
We shall ascend the ridge that has Kasuwa Khola to the east and Ipsuwa Khola on the west. After crossing the hillside, we pass through the quiet villages and small paddy fields. Further walking takes us to the exotic village named Tashi Gaon. Once we reach there, we can enjoy breathtaking Himalayan panorama views.
Day 7 - Tashigaon - Khongma Danda
Today is a tough day as we need to climb the elevation of more than 1400 meters. We need to walk along the steep trail. First, we shall ascend through the forests and walk to a stream. Then, we reach a ridge where the trail gets steeper and passes along the Kharka before following the path of rough stone stairs. From the ridge, we descend towards Khongma where we spend our night.
Day 8 - Acclimatization in Khongma Danda
Since we are already 3,500m above sea level, we rest for the whole day. It’s time to acclimatize our body with a higher atmospheric level and lower oxygen level. The day will prepare our body to cross Shipton La on the next day. Instead of being sluggish, we can remain active and explore the surrounding areas. Wake up early in the morning to enjoy the awesome sunshine.
Day 9 - Khongma Danda - Dobate
Today, we climbed towards Shipton La summit. The climb demands a few hours of hard walk. After we spend some time in lake Kalo Pokhari (3930m), we shall pass over the Keke La (4,170m). Here, we can witness the stunning views of Peak 6 (6,524m), Chamlang (7321m), and Peak 7 (6,758m). After further walking, we descend through the valley to Dobate.
Day 10 - Dobate - Yangri Kharka
Early in the morning, we leave Dobate. Then, we pass through the forest of rhododendron to the Barun River and the upper portion of the valley. Since the path is steep and arduous, we must be careful of the rocks falling and landslides. We then walk slowly until we arrive at Yangri Kharka situated in the lower part of the valley.
Day 11 - Yangri Kharka - Langmale Kharka
Following a trail to the valley, we cross through yak pastures, boulder fields, and lush forest fields. We will pass through a place called Merek and make our way up. Here, we can notice a significant rise in the view of Himalayan vistas.
Day 12 - Langmale Kharka - Makalu Base Camp
Today is the most important day of our trek as we climb to the Base Camp. First, make sure that we get our body acclimatized. From Langmale Kharka we walk up to Shershong. Then, we eventually walked to Makalu Base Camp. The path is flat with many icy glaciers and snow-capped mountains accompanying us ahead. Mount Makalu is clearly visible as we approach Shershong. The walk of about seven hours is clearly going to be tough, but the stunning views will make you forget the pain. The majestic panorama of mountains surrounding us will heal our pain.
Day 13 - Acclimatization in Makalu Base Camp
This is a very beautiful day as we explore the Base Camp. The Base Camp is located on a rocky barren with amusing Barun Glacier beyond. Here, we get to witness the stunning view of the summit. The south face of Makalu is clearly visible along with a complete panorama of Lhotse and Everest. For the whole day, we can explore the glaciers and surrounding lakes. We can also go for a short trek if we wish to explore the region.
Day 14 - Makalu Base Camp - Yangri Kharka
After a delicious breakfast and overnight in Makalu Base Camp, we descend down as we witness the last glimpse of Makalu. On our way back, we cross the places such as Shershong, Langmale Kharka, and Merek. After a couple of hours of descending, we will finally stop at Yangri Kharka.
Day 15 - Yangri Kharka - Dobate
After breakfast in Yangri Kharka, we descend through the tough trail. We walk through the rock falls, alley and verdant forests before making our way towards Dobate. The occasional glimpse of the mountain vistas still accompanies us.
Day 16 - Dobate - Khongma Danda
As we begin to trek along the steep path from Dobate, we reach the place called Mumbuk (Nambuk). Then, we walk through the forest and rhododendrons and firs. We cross Keke La, and Kauma La before descending to Khongma Danda.
Day 17 - Khongma Danda - Tashigaon
After breakfast we will start our trail. The trail will take us along the long and steep path cutting through the hillsides takes us to the thick forest. As we walk past the forests we reach indigenous Sherpa village of Tashigaon. In the evening, we can spend our time as we interact with the villagers and learn about their culture.
Day 18 - Tashigaon - Seduwa
We trace our path backward as we pass Makalu Barun National Park. Then we descend to Barun River. After crossing the river, we pass a hillside and then come across some beautiful villages and settlements. We further move towards Seduwa, our stop for the night.
Day 19 - Seduwa - Num
After breakfast in the beautiful village of Seduwa, we trek past the forest. About 5 to 6 hours of walk from Seduwa takes us to Num. The path goes up and down as we pass through many Sherpa villages.
Day 20 - Num - Tumlingtar
Again, we retrace the footsteps from Num to Chichira. Here, we can stop to savor the glorious view of Mount Makalu before diving back to Tumlingtar.
Day 21 - Tumlingtar - Kathmandu
Today, we will take our flight to Kathmandu. Most probably, we will take the morning flight. In the evening we will celebrate together as we enjoy our farewell dinner.
Day 22 - Departure day
Our journey in this beautiful Himalayan country comes to an end today. Our representative will drop you to the airport for about 3 hours before your scheduled flight.
Note: Every effort will be made to keep to the above itinerary, but as this is Adventure Travel in the mountains, we cannot guarantee it. Weather conditions, road conditions, vehicle breakdowns and the health of fellow travellers can all contribute to changes. We will try to ensure that the trip runs according to plan, but an easy-going nature is an asset!
Airport pickup and drop off services
All accommodation during the trek (in lodges and guesthouses)
Two way private transportation between hotel & TIA Airport
Shey Phoksundo National Park Permit
Lower Dolpo Restricted Area Permit
Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) card fee
All government, Local taxes and official Expenses
A highly experienced, English-speaking trekking guide (8 or above trekkers: 1 assistant guide) and porter to help trekkers luggage. (2 trekkers:1 porter "9 kg per trekker max limit")
Coverage of Guides and Porters, Their meals, insurance, salary, lodging, transportation, flight and other necessary equipment
Use of a sleeping bag, down jacket and a duffel bag (in case you don't have them). They have to be returned after the trek.
A first aid kit and basic supplies appropriate for the group size. In a worst case scenario, arrangements of an emergency helicopter evacuation service (to be paid for by your travel insurance). Note: if you require or are taking specific medications it is critical that you discuss this with us prior to your trip departure
Farewell Dinner at the end of the trek
Note: The local tea houses are basic but clean and they do not often have attached bathrooms or hot showers. The price is based on twin share and does not include any extra charge that lodge owners may levy for single rooms, attached bathrooms or hot showers (if these facilities are available) or for battery charging. We can’t know in advance what they may charge for such things in the different lodges along the way, so we prefer to leave this cost out, rather than pass along an estimated charge to you.
International flights to and from Kathmandu; Nepal visa fees and international airport taxes; any excess baggage charges
Comprehensive travel insurance that includes trip cancellation and emergency rescue / evacuation that covers all of the activities you will undertake during your trip should this be required for any reason (we require this as the minimum insurance cover)
Services and activities not mentioned in the detailed itinerary above (eg additional nights, optional trips and sightseeing tours)
Additional costs or delays caused by out of management control, for example, landslide, weather condition, itinerary modification due to safety concerns, illness, change of government policies, strikes etc.
Excess baggage charges (Limit is 9kg per Person)
Any gear or equipment that you may need to rent/buy - please ask us if you would like any advice about gear to bring/buy/rent
Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu due to early arrival or late departure, early return from the trek.
Personal expense (shopping, snacks, boil bottle water, hot and cold drinks, hot shower, Alcohol, Wi-Fi, telephone call, battery re-charge fee), extra porters etc
Personal clothing and gear
All Accommodation and meals in Kathmandu, before and after we start our journey
Travel insurance which has to cover emergency high-altitude rescue and evacuation compulsory
Personal expenses (eg mineral water/soft drinks/bar bills, entrance/photography fees at monasteries, laundry, telephone calls, postage, donations, extra snacks etc)
Costs incurred due to unforeseen events (eg caused by natural disasters, adverse road conditions / flight delays, labour strikes, fuel shortages, extreme exchange rate changes, etc)
Any extra charge that tea house owners may levy for single rooms, attached bathrooms, or hot showers (if these facilities are available) and charging of batteries
Tips for the guide, and porter (if you have added a porter to help you carry your backpack)
All the costs and expenses which are not listed in "cost includes" will be counted as Excludes
Best Season/Time for 22 Days Makalu Base Camp trek
Autumn (Mid of September-November) and Spring (End of March-May)are the best seasons for trekking in Makalu region:
Spring Season (End of march- May)
Spring is the 2nd best season for trekking in the Makalu region after autumn. During this season, you will find greenery around the trail, the days are warmer and the temperature lies in the range of 12 °C in daytime and 2 °C during the evening/night. It will be easier to trek in this season as the mild breeze passing by is refreshing.
Summer Season (June-August)
Summer is also known for monsoon effects the trekking trail in Makalu region. The trail gets muddy & slippery which raises the risk of accidents. The accommodation is also affected in the summer season . So it is not advisable to trek during this season.
Autumn Season (September-November)
Autumn is one of the best seasons to commence your trekking in the Makalu region. The weather is likely to be finest and the temperatures (particularly at low and mid-elevations).becomes mild to warm during daytime and colder as evening approaches. So autumn gives you a pleasant travelling experience compared to other seasons.
Winter Season (December- February)
In winter, the trail freezes with snowfalls. It is possible to do this trek in the winter months, but the cold temperatures might be a drawback, especially as the lodges in this region aren’t especially well equipped. The region lies above the Himalayan massifs thus the winter is harsh here with temperatures ranging from -4 °C to 12 °C. So we don’t advise trekking during this season.
Packing list / Equipment checklist
List of Equipment for 22 Days Makalu Base Camp Trek
It is recommended to carry the basic clothing and accessories needed for the trek. The following belongings are suggested that should be brought, although we understand that our clients have their own preference for clothing, we have listed some useful clothing during the trek. Porters will be carrying the main luggage which should not exceed more than 18kg (one porter will carry two people's luggage, 9 kg for each).
- Headband or Beanie
- Neck Gaiter or Balaclava
- Hat for Sun Protection
- Inner Gloves
- Outer insulated gloves
- Base Layer
- Insulated Jacket
- Outer Layer
- Trekking Shirts/T-Shirt
- Fleece Jacket
- Hard Shell Jacket and Rain Gear
- Base Layer
- Trekking trousers and shorts
- Rain and Windproof Trousers
- Hiking Boots
- Trekking shoes/sandals
- Hiking/Thermal Socks
- Gaiters (not necessary)
- Sleeping bag
Bags and Backpacks
- Duffle bag
Miscellaneous & Accessories
- Trekking Poles
- Head Torch
- Sunscreen/Lip balm/Wipes/Hand Sanitizer/Toiletries
- Reusable Water Bottle or Hydration Bladder
- Small Locks
- Trekking Towel
- Waterproof Ziplock Bags
- Camera/Video Camera/Extra Batteries/ Extra Chargers
- Notebook/Journal and Pen (optional)
- Playing Cards/Book/Kindle (optional)
- Water Purification Tablets
- General Medications
- Basic First Aid Kit
- Blister Plasters
- Durable wallet for travel documents, money & passport
- Favourite snack foods (No more than 2 pounds)
Teahouse accommodation is the classic form of trekking accommodation in the Makalu region. Along the way to Makalu trail, most of the tea houses are built and managed by local villagers. These tea houses are specially designed to provide the basic facilities for trekkers to take rest.
Basically, you’ll find twin-basis type of accommodation on the Makalu trail. Most single rooms have twin beds with some basic furniture like a small table or a chair. Almost all tea houses provide blankets as it will be freezing at night.
Mainly on the lower elevation, most lodges offer western-style toilets. As you move higher on the trail you’ll find squat toilet facilities. Showers do not always have hot water and most tea houses charge for the use of hot water.
Documents & Permits needed for 22 Day Makalu Base Camp Trek
For the Makalu Region trek, you will be needing the Makalu Barun National Park Permit and a Trekkers’ Information Management Systems (TIMS) Card. For the Park permit, you will need to go to the Nepal Tourism Board, and you will easily be able to get your permit.
Makalu Barun National Park Conservation Area permit
For Foreign: It would cost $30 per person (exclusive of vat)
For SAARC: It would cost NPR 1500 per person
For Locals: It would cost NPR 100 per person
TIMS card was necessary for trekkers in the Makalu region. TIMS Card is still valid for trekkers in other regions of Nepal. TIMS is issued by the Tourism Agency Association of Nepal (TAAN). There are 2 kinds of TIMS cards that are issued- one for an Independent trekker and one for an organized trekker.
TIMS Card for Independent Trekker
- Color- Green
- Cost- Rs 2000 Per Person
- Photos – 2
- Collected by- Self
TIMS Card for Organized Trekker
- Color- Blue
- Cost- Rs 1000 Per Person
- Photos – 1
- Collected by – Local Trekking Agency
Difficulties in Makalu Base Camp Trek
Makalu region trekking is a strenuous long trek that lasts for more than 20 days. The trail is full of challenges as we will be elevating more than 5,000 meter in height that takes us to the extreme climatic zone. Comfort levels are more basic than on some popular Nepal treks, as the lodges in this area are of a lower standard than some other places. Apart from difficulty, the altitude sickness is another thing to be cautious of during this trek.Makalu Base Camp trek is best for experienced trekkers and adventure-junkies, so it is best if beginners avoid this trek. Therefore, by looking at all these factors, you can say Makalu Region Trekking is a difficult journey in the Himalayas. However, with our custom designed Trekking itinerary and proper guidance, you will be able to complete the trek without having any problems.
22 Days Makalu Base Camp Trek FAQs
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the highest altitude of Makalu Base Camp Trek?
Makalu Base Camp Trek does not go higher than 4870m.
How many hours a day do we walk?
On average, you have to walk around 6-8 hours per day. Some days can vary from 4-5 hours a day to just 2-3 hours.
What happens if I get sick or get hurt while trekking?
Basically our guide will take care of this. If it is not too bad we will go down by walking, however in the event of an emergency there usually is access to a telephone line for an evacuation via helicopter.
Will I get the facilities of battery charging & hot shower?
You can bring your charger and charge your batteries during trekking. There is also a facility for hot water, but you may have to pay an extra $1-$2. However, you can find a hot water facility for free at a lower altitude.
I have never gone trekking yet. Is Makalu Base Camp Trek for me?
Trekking in this region is considered to be strenuous. It involves a difficult trail, cold temperature, and continuous walking. So trekking in this region needs a good hiking experience.
What is the accommodation like?
The Makalu Base Camp Trek is a teahouse trek, which means there are guesthouses in almost every village. Comfort levels are more basic than on some popular Nepal treks, as the lodges in this area are of a lower standard than some other places.
How much luggage can I take during my trek in Makalu Base Camp Trek?
The weight limit for your luggage is 9 kg per trekker, Porters will be assigned to carry your luggage, Two people will be assigned with one porter, combined luggage should not exceed more than 18 kgs. Only carry what is essential.
Can I extend my trek?
Yes, you can. But for this, you have to update us before the trek so that we could manage the itinerary as per your requirement.
How can I use toilets during the trek?
On the trail, you will find the Toilets in the small villages where there are restaurants and tea houses. Most toilets in this region are squat toilets. And in other options prepare to hide behind big rocks and do your business.
Do I need Insurance?
100% Yes! Injury and altitude sickness and any other calamities may occur during the trek, so it is best to get travel insurance before you go. Better safe than sorry!
What is the average size of the group?
Groups can vary between 6 to 16 travelers, who typically are a mix of individuals, couples or friends traveling together who have a shared interest in outdoor adventure and nature.
Where can I exchange my money?
There are a number of registered money exchanges in the streets of Thamel and it's common to find near your Hotel in Kathmandu.
Are there any ATM’s on the Trekking route?
There will be no ATM on our trekking route. Kathmandu and Pokhara are the only places where you will find an ATM.
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